Maintenance programs are those focused on “Keeping Language Strong”. Programs of this type might focus on increasing pride in language and culture and reducing unnecessary pressures that are destructive of language. Generally language maintenance programs are conducted in bilingual communities or those where indigenous languages are the first language. These programs aim to maximising its Language use amongst community members.
Language Maintenance programs are those where a language is used daily by a sizeable speech community and so can be incorporated into children’s schooling. Bilingual schools, in which students learn a variety of subjects in their first language (an Aboriginal language) are an example of maintenance programs.